Okay, the concept of nouns may seem pretty boring on its surface. But nouns themselves? They can represent beautiful things. Delicious things. Fantastic things! Think about a perfectly-cooked pasta, or a fresh-picked tomato, or a birthday party.
Take note, beginning learners: familiarizing yourself with the nouns presented here will give you a leg up in acquiring the language. But before that, allow me to just briefly speed through some of the very basic grammar rules you need to learn when dealing with nouns: how to spot noun genders, how to form the plural of nouns and when to use the different definite and indefinite articles. Nouns i nomi are names of people, places or things.
Unlike in the English language, Italian nouns have genders. They can either be masculine or feminine. And by following some simple rules, you can learn to classify the great majority of Italian nouns. Italian nouns almost always end with a vowel. In order to know the gender of a noun, you only have to check its ending. Words like libro bookalbero tree and tavolo table and are all masculine. Words like casa houses cuola school and scarpa shoe are feminine. Mano hand and radio radio belong to this group.
Colore colorgiornale newspaper and mare sea are masculine. On the other hand, words like televisione televisionluce light and notte night are feminine. Familiarity with the words is key here. Nouns, because they refer to people, places and things, have a number. So we need to learn how to form their plurals. In Italian, we have comparable rules to follow:.
There are, again, exceptions to these rules—like the masculine dito finger which pluralizes into dita instead of diti. Continuous exposure to the language really helps. Knowing those two, we can finally tag their appropriate articles. They are:.The table below contains the most common Italian nouns. For each noun is also shown the gender female or male and an English translation. Nouns are used to identify the subject of a sentencewhich can be a thing, an animal, a person or even a plant.
They are often viewed as the most basic part of the speechsince they can be used on their own and they do not need to be conjugated. See also our list of Top Italian Verbs. Common Nouns nomi comuni indicate people, animals, places and abstract ideas: ragazzo kidalbero treeca ne dogamore love. Proper Nouns nomi propri refer to specific beings or things, that are usually one of a kind: Napoli NaplesMarcoMilano Milan.
In Italian, common and proper nouns can be feminine or masculine, singular or plural. Although there are some exceptions, the following are the rules that Italian nouns usually follow:. To build a strong Italian vocabulary, you need to know different kinds of nouns.
They can be used as a part of everyday conversations to describe your jobyour favorite hobbiesthe food you like to eat, or the clothes you wear.
Here you can find a comprehensive list of the top most commonly used Italian nouns. This is the perfect opportunity to enhance your dictionary and to start learning Italian! To read about Top Italian Verbs, click here. Viaggiare Conjugation. Giocare Conjugation. Potere Conjugation.
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Remember me. I agree with Terms and Conditions. Confirm Password. Minimum 4 characters.In Italian, nouns can be classified according to the gender, in masculine maschili and feminine femminiliand to the number, in singular singolari and plural plurali.
The ending vowel of a noun reveals its gender and its number. We can understand the gender of these nouns from the article placed before or checking on a dictionary. Now we know that masculine nouns usually end with — O and feminine nouns end with — A.
However, there are exceptions. So, some nouns that end with — A are masculine and some that end with — O are feminine. Let's see how to make the plural of a noun. In Italian, to change the number of a noun from singular to plural, we must change the ending vowel.
Masculine nouns that end with vowel —O and — Ein the plural form end with vowel — I.
Top 100 Italian Nouns
Feminine nouns that end with vowel — Ain the plural form end with vowel — Ewhile feminine nouns that end with — Ein the plural form end with vowel — I. Feminine nouns that end with — O have the same form in the singular and in the plural.In Italian, nouns have gender and number — masculine or feminine, and singular or plural.
Articles a, an, the, and so onwhich are associated with nouns, are also masculine, feminine, singular, or plural according to the noun they refer to. So the English definite article the is either masculine singular, masculine plural, feminine singular, or feminine plural in Italian. The following table shows how you can combine nouns and articles. Pay attention to the beginning letter of masculine nouns because the article changes according to this letter; this is why you see four versions of masculine nouns in the table.
The second column helps you focus on the beginning letters of nouns, which is essential to find the correct definite and indefinite articles, shown in the third and fourth columns, respectively. For example, La gente dice. People say. Adjectives provide details about the noun s they refer to. Most masculine nouns end in -o singular or -i pluralwhile most feminine nouns end in -a singular or -e plural. Some nouns end in -e in their singular form and in -i in the plural, both for feminine and masculine forms.
Summing Up Italian Articles, Nouns, and Adjectives
Qualifying adjectives usually follow the noun; however, all other modifiers — demonstrative, interrogative, possessive, and indefinite pronouns, as well as number — come before the noun:. Abbiamo letto un libro interessante. We read an interesting book. Vorrei comprare questo libro.
I would like to buy this book. I tuoi libri sono nello zaino nero. Your books are in the black book pack. Why did you order so few books? Quali libri hai preso in prestito? Which books did you borrow? This is the third book that I have read on this subject. Nouns beginning with a consonant such as libro, tavolo, and sogno.
Nouns beginning with a consonant such as libri, tavoli, and sogni. Nouns beginning with a vowel a, e, i, o, or u as in aereo, amico, orso, and invito. Nouns beginning with a vowel a, e, i, o, or u. Nouns beginning with a consonant such as banca, casa, and stazione.If you're trying to learn Italian Pronouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns Try to concentrate on the lesson and notice the pattern that occurs each time the word changes its place.
Also don't forget to check the rest of our other lessons listed on Learn Italian. Enjoy the rest of the lesson! Learning the Italian Pronouns displayed below is vital to the language. Italian pronouns include personal pronouns refer to the persons speaking, the persons spoken to, or the persons or things spoken aboutindefinite pronouns, relative pronouns connect parts of sentences and reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in which the object of a verb is being acted on by verb's subject. In English personal pronouns are I, you, he, she, it, we, you, theyand me, you, him, her, it, us, you, themIn Italian, the personal pronouns are:.
Examples: io imparo I learntu impair you learnlui, egli impara he learnslei, ella impara she learnsnoi impariamo we learnvoi imparate you learnessiesseloro imparano they learn.
The polite form is simply made with the pronoun in capital letter: Lui impara, Lei impara, Loro imparano. Indirect object pronouns are words that replace the indirect object, which is usually a person.
Examples: Da mmi il libro give me the book. Ti amo I love you. Below is a list of the Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns in Italian placed in a table.
Memorizing this table will help you add very useful and important words to your Italian vocabulary. Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns have a very important role in Italian. Once you're done with Italian Pronouns, you might want to check the rest of our Italian lessons here: Learn Italian. Don't forget to bookmark this page. The links above are only a small sample of our lessons, please open the left side menu to see all links.
Italian Pronouns If you're trying to learn Italian Pronouns you will find some useful resources including a course about Personal pronouns, indefinite pronouns, relative pronouns, reciprocal or reflexive pronouns Indirect Object Pronouns: Indirect object pronouns are words that replace the indirect object, which is usually a person.
Me mete youlo, gli himlale herci usvi youloro them : Examples: Da mmi il libro give me the book.As you know, all nouns or sostantivi in Italian have an implicit gender—masculine or feminine, depending on their Latin root or other derivation—and that gender, together with their number—whether they are singular or plural—colors nearly everything else in the language, except, perhaps, for some verb tenses.
Of course, it is essential that you learn which nouns are feminine or masculine—or how to recognize them—and how to correctly make a singular noun into a plural. Mostly—and you will see that there are some exceptions—nouns ending in - o are masculine and nouns ending in - a are feminine and then there is the vast world of sostantivi in - ewhich we discuss below.
You know about - a and - o from proper names, if nothing else: Mario is a guy; Maria is a girl though there are some exceptions there, too. Vinogattoparcoand albero are masculine nouns wine, cat, park, and tree ; macchinaforchettaacquaand pianta are feminine car, fork, water, and plant.
Interestingly, in Italian most fruits are feminine— la mela the applela pesca the peachl'oliva the olive —but fruit trees are masculine: il melo the apple treeil pesco the peach treeand l'ulivo the olive tree. Singular feminine nouns are accompanied by the definite article laand singular masculine nouns by the definite article il or lo those that get lo are those that begin with a vowel, with s plus a consonant, and with gnzand psand when you pluralize the noun, you must also pluralize the article : la becomes leil becomes iand lo becomes gli.
The article, together with a series of other parts of speech in a sentence such as adjectives and pronouns, tell you if a noun is masculine or feminine. Alternatively, you need to look it up. Regularly, masculine nouns ending in - o become, in the plural, masculine nouns ending in - i. In fact, most nouns that end in - co take - chi in the plural; most nouns that end in - go take - ghi in the plural. The insertion of the h keeps the hard sound in the plural. With them, the article la changes to le.
Feminine nouns in - ca and - ga pluralize for the most part to - che and - ghe :. Beware: Among female nouns there are some that end in - cia and - gia that pluralize in - cie and - gie —. Again, there is nothing wrong with looking up a plural while you are committing your new vocabulary to memory. And then there is a very large group of Italian nouns that end in - e that encompasses both masculine and feminine nouns, and that, regardless of gender, pluralize by taking the ending - i.
To know whether a word that ends in - e is feminine or masculine you can look at the article, if you have one available, or other clues in the sentence.
If you are just learning a new noun in - eyou should look it up to find out. Some are counterintuitive: fiore flower is masculine! Within this group it is helpful to know, for example, that all words ending in - zione are feminine:. There are also nouns that are identical in the singular for male and female only the article tells you the gender —but in the plural change ending to suit the gender:. Il muro the wall has two plurals: le mura to mean the walls of a city, but i muri to mean the walls of a house.
The same for il braccio the arm : le braccia to mean the arms of a person, but i bracci for the arms of a chair. Some other words including monosyllabic words remain unaltered in the plural; again, only the article changes. Share Flipboard Email. Cher Hale. Italian Language Expert. Updated January 18, This is not something you or anyone else decides or chooses: It just is. There are also male nouns in - e that have similar female counterparts:. When they pluralize, they and their articles follow normal patterns for their genders:.
Many, many Italian nouns have eccentric ways of pluralizing:. There are a number of masculine nouns that end in - a and pluralize in - i :. These pluralize in what appears to be a singular feminine with a plural article:.Italian grammar can be intimidating. Know the rules with these simple notes, then practice with these audio resources.
Every lesson of this course introduces Italian grammar exercises where you listen to a native speaker. This section is completely free. They are used in a wide variety of situations and serve as a grammatical. You say sapere or conoscere. When to use sapere vs conoscere? But how to.100 Nouns Every Italian Beginner Must-Know
What is passato prossimo in Italian? What is passato prossimo in italian? It is composed by the auxiliary verb to have or to be and the Past Participle of the main verb. It is not. Avere: whis is it so important? It translates to the obvious uses of ownership and possession to have a sister or a cat, or a house, or a doubt, or a cold. Italian verb conjugation made easy: the ultimate guide.
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